What are Uterine Abnormalities?
Uterine abnormalities refer to structural problems with the uterus that are either acquired from infection, surgery or any other type of problem or are congenital that is from birth. Such abnormalities can cause difficulties in carrying a pregnancy or infertility.There are other factors too which can affect the uterus, namely uterine fibroids and Asherman’s Syndrome (it refers to scar tissues that are one suffers from via an infection or surgery)can be the cause for infertility in women. In most cases, women get to know about the condition only when they face a problem like infertility.
Normally, the uterus is two inches wide, three inches long and an inch from front to back. The upper area is called the fundus and embryo gets implanted here in pregnancy and the lower part is known as the cervix and connects the uterus to the vagina. A uterus that does not have this structure is because of congenital abnormality.
Birth abnormalities take place when the vagina and the uterus do not combine completely in the middle at the time of fetus development in the womb. Some of the most common types of congenital abnormalities are Unicornuate uterus, agenesis, Septate uterus, Biocornuate uterus, Arcuate uterus and Uterus didelphys.
Uterine Abnormalities Symptoms
In most cases, uterine abnormalities do not show any symptoms. Many women do not even realize that they suffer from uterine abnormalities until a pelvic examination or ultrasound is done. Some of the symptoms might include:
- Pain while having intercourse
- Never having a period
- Recurrent miscarriages
- Abdominal without or with bleeding during menses
Uterine Abnormalities Treatment
Not all uterine abnormalities need treatment. Surgery is the last resort and is often recommended to women who suffer from uterine bleeding that cannot be cured with either hormone therapy or medication. In some cases, minimally invasive surgical procedure such as laparoscopy or hysteroscopy is also performed.